Top 10 Places to Visit in the Balkans by Train

Tucked down in the southeastern part of Europe is a region you may have heard of before, but might not have considered including in your travel plans for a variety of reasons: The Balkans. Many of the countries found here are admittedly not the easiest to get around by train. But if you’re judging by the frequency of international connections and slower travel times, they’re certainly some of the most beautiful, less-traveled, and budget-friendly on the entire continent. They’re also well worth the extra effort it might take to arrive. Now with the recent inclusion of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, and Montenegro to the Eurail Global Pass, it’s easier than ever to reach some of its best cities from the rest of Europe. The Balkans by train should not be missed.

1. Ljubljana, Slovenia

Perfectly petite Ljubljana is an easy choice for a quick stop on any trip to the Balkans. It’s also great as a base for exploring the rest of stunning Slovenia. Though heavier on Central European influences, Ljubljana’s location and direct international connections from Austria, Germany, Switzerland and Hungary make it a perfect starting or ending point in the Balkan region. From there you can easily catch a train to or from Croatia (2-3 hours from Zagreb) or Serbia (8-9 hours from Belgrade and Novi Sad).

The Balkans by train - Ljubljana, Slovenia

2. Split, Croatia

Zagreb may be Croatia’s capital. But taking the train down as far south as you can go to Split may be a better choice in order to explore one of the country’s greatest assets – its sparkling Adriatic coastline. As the informal capital of the Dalmatian Coast, Split serves as an excellent gateway to the Dalmatian islands. It’s one of the easiest places to catch a bus or ferry to Dubrovnik. Once taking over 9 hours, you can now get down to Split from Zagreb on one of the newer trains in just 5.5 hours.

The Balkans by train - Split, Croatia

3. Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

One of the most enchanting cities in Europe, Sarajevo is sure to steal your heart. It has ever-present warmth, an eclectic mix of Eastern and Western influences, and an ironic sense of peace in light of war scars still visibly present from the not-so-distant past. Currently, the only international connections that will bring you to Sarajevo by train come from Croatia. From Zagreb, there is one journey a day. It takes just under 9 hours, leaving at 9:18 a.m. and arriving at 6:17 p.m.

The Balkans by train - Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

4. Belgrade, Serbia

The nightlife in Belgrade (Beograd) is frequently touted as one of the best in Europe. It’s definitely a place to go if you’re looking for a good time. However, Serbia’s capital is so much more than just a banging party scene. A stroll around its grand Kalemegdan Fortress, where the Sava meets the Danube River, is an excellent introduction to the “White City’s” incredibly rich history. Hanging in and around its main pedestrian street of Knez Mihailova will confirm that Belgrade is indeed one of the more energetic cities on the continent. Several direct trains from Ljubljana, Zagreb, and Budapest will get you there in 9 hours or less.

The Balkans by train - Belgrade, Serbia

5. Podgorica, Montenegro

Podgorica is not Montenegro’s most attractive city. But as its capital, it has a bit of a buzz and is the best place to start your exploration of the rest of this country as it’s on the main (and one of the only) rail lines. Getting there is especially easy and incredibly scenic via Belgrade. Once you arrive, there are plenty of bus connections that will bring you to where you want to go for cheap. Consider the coastal cities of Kotor, Budva, Bar, Lake Skadar, or a mountainous getaway to Žabljak in Durmitor National Park.

The Balkans by train - Podgorica, Montenegro

6. Bucharest, Romania

Bucharest (Bucuresti) is a quintessential Eastern European capital with a slight Balkan twist. It can definitely seem too concrete and a bit overwhelming at first. But give it some time and you’ll see there is also quite a bit of culture to be found alongside its interesting Communist history. From the cozy and historical Lipscani district to its beautiful parks and gardens, there is plenty to keep you occupied for a few days. Bucharest can be reached easily via direct trains from Budapest and Sofia.

The Balkans by train - Bucharest, Romania

7. Sofia, Bulgaria

Sofia is another concrete capital that may surprise you upon further exploration. It has lovely parks (many of which offer free wifi), trendy cafes, interesting museums. There’s also close proximity to magnificent Vitosha Mountain, and St. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, second largest Orthodox cathedral in the Balkans. From Belgrade, there’s an easy overnight train leaving at 10:05 p.m. and arriving at 8:13 a.m. Unfortunately the Russian-operated overnight train between Sofia and Bucharest, which terminated in Moscow, was suspended in December 2014. For now, there is only one daytime train running between the two. It leaves at 7:55 a.m. and arrives at 5:15 p.m.

The Balkans by train - St Alexander Cathedral in Sofia, Bulgaria

8. Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria

One of the most scenic train rides in Southeast Europe lies between Sofia, official capital of Bulgaria, and Veliko Tarnovo, its historical capital. This hillside dwelling is a gorgeous place to spend a few days when you travel the Balkans by train. You can even have a 24-hour stopover en route to or from Bucharest, with its windy streets and impressive Tsarevets Fortress. The fortress contains a lovely Orthodox church with one of the most unique interiors you’ll ever see. From Veliko Tarnovo, you can also travel easily east and reach Bulgaria’s coast in just under 4 hours.

The Balkans by train - Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria

9. Istanbul, Turkey

While Turkey isn’t “Balkan” per se, part of the country and half of its capital does lie on the Balkan Peninsula. This is why Istanbul has made the list – that and because it’s one of the most fascinating and famous cities on the planet. From Bucharest or Sofia you can catch an overnight train of Orient Express fame. Due to the Marmaray tunnel project, which will link the rail networks in Europe to Asia, there is a bus replacement for the final leg of the journey into Istanbul. This will continue until further notice. The bus replacement is covered by your Eurail pass.

The Balkans by train - Istanbul, Turkey

10. Athens, Greece

For being such a world-famous capital, Athens sure has a raw, gritty vibe. You’ll be hard pressed to get this feeling in Europe’s other biggies like Rome or Paris. Thanks to the recent revival of its international train connections and discounted ferry lines, traveling south from Belgrade or Sofia is a breeze. So is getting out and exploring some of its 6,000+ beautiful islands. Learn more about your Eurail Pass benefits in Greece.

The Balkans by train - Athens, Greece

Visit the Balkans by train and discover new and exciting cities!