Europe in the Fall: The 6 Best Destinations for 2016

I’ve long been a proponent of traveling to Europe in the fall. It’s outside high season, so there are less tourist crowds, cooler weather, long-enough daylight, and lower prices – all advantages to planning your European rail trip in shoulder season. September and October combine the advantages of both peak-season and off-season travel.

Once the wave of summer mass tourism has retreated, the subtleties of culture come back to life as locals reclaim their space. This is when travelers can feel like they’re a little more a part of the scene. The weather can vary with several climate regions across Europe. Not everyone’s looking for eternal sunshine, so here’s a variety of destinations to experience the best of Europe in the fall.

Europe in the fall


Solin and Jadro river autumn view Dalmatia | Europe in the fall

If you want an extended summer, you should ride the rails to the Dalmatian coast of Croatia. While Croatia is no longer a secret, thanks to several Game of Thrones filming locations, the majority of tourists still visit in July and August. The fall offers a relief to the crowded old streets of Dubrovnik and Split, freeing up accommodation and pushing prices back down. The real treat is the warm temperatures, sunny days, and chance to get more beach time while northern Europe is preparing for hibernation.

Split Croatia in fall | Europe in the fall

Every Croatian has his or her own favorite spot on one of the country’s 79 islands and 5,000 plus kilometers of shoreline. September through mid-October is the shoulder season for the beach towns. Anytime after that, you might run into cool temperatures or towns shutting down for the winter. The Croatian railway leads from Zagreb to Split in about 6 hours. From here you’ll have to move onward by ferry boat or bus. But Split is an excellent destination itself; a more vibrant city than Dubrovnik, also with an atmospheric old town.


Autumn at Black Forest, Germany | Europe in the fall

When you talk about fall and Germany, then Oktoberfest in Munich (September 17 to October 3, 2016) might come to mind. This celebration is legendary, but there are plenty of other fall festivals in Germany where you can get your fill of beer and good times. Cannstatter Volksfest is Stuttgart’s autumn fair and beer festival scheduled for September 23 to October 9 in 2016. Or try Bremen’s Freimarkt (October 14 to 30), the biggest festival in northern Germany. It was first held in 1024. It’s more of a fair than beer festival, but it’s still a blast.

Tiergarten Berlin in fall | Europe in the fall

If beer and festivals aren’t your thing, Germany’s fall foliage is outstanding. Head to Bavaria or the Black Forest for classic scenery. If you’re in Berlin, the Tiergarten is a prime spot for enjoying fall colors. Germany’s rail system is top-notch and very comprehensive; all the aforementioned places are conveniently reachable by rail.


Vineyards in Tuscany | Europe in the fall

Fall is the best season to visit Italy. But unlike most other places on this list, September and October are high season here. By this time, the hot summer sunshine has finally given “The Beautiful Country” some reprieve. If you can picture yourself tasting wine at the Alba Truffle Market or exploring the ruins of Pompeii without suffering heat exhaustion, this is your time. In October, there’s also the Rome Film Festival and chestnut festivals all over Italy.

Lake Como town in fall | Europe in the fall

In fact, Italy is all about festivals, and foodies can indulge in all sorts of harvest festivals. The changing colors of the leaves, especially in Lombardy, isn’t bad either. Catch the best views from the train. High speed and regional trains connect the towns and cities all across Italy. To save on obligatory reservation fees, choose slightly slower regional trains over the high-speed Frecce ones.


Romanian village in fall | Europe in the fall

With four distinct seasons, Romania freezes in the winter and bakes in the summer heat. Fall may be the best time to visit. Romania is one of the most old-fashioned countries in Europe, with a preserved way of life throughout the countryside. In fall, locals prepare themselves for the harsh winter to come, making wine, preserving vegetables, and stacking firewood. Many festivals relate to the harvest.

Bran Castle in autumn | Europe in the fall

September is also the best time to visit for autumn color. For the foliage, you want to head to Transylvania, “The Land Beyond the Forest”. This region of central Romania offers travelers a mix of cultures, nature, and history. With 100 castles and fortresses and about 70 fortified churches, Transylvania is more than just a place immortalized by Bram Stoker. Romania has a comprehensive rail system ranging from modern IC and ICE trains to slow, communist-era trains that stop in each village.


Bergun and alps in autumn | Europe in the fall

To avoid tourist crowds and high prices, the fall can be a great time to visit Switzerland. Rain is not uncommon in September and early October, but when the skies do clear, the air is crisper than summer, and views of the Alps are superior. Fall is a more peaceful and quiet time in the mountains, which acts as a break between the summer holidays and the rush of ski season. Some accommodation will be closed, but enough will remain open to serve the travelers that do come.

Bietschorn mountain peak in fall | Europe in the fall

This can also be a good time for hiking. A lot of trails are still snow-covered in late spring and by autumn they are open. In case the weather turns foul, catch a train and to one of these 4 gorgeous Swiss cities. Switzerland’s rail network is also first-rate. Tracks cover the breadth of the country, connections are frequent, and trains are fast.


Douro Valley vineyards | Europe in the fall

If the idea of wandering around the medieval streets of walled Obidos, sipping port wine in a cellar in Porto, or finding the perfect beach town on the Algarve sounds like your idea of a good time, make your way to Portugal. Portugal has some of the longest year-round sunshine hours in Europe with warm, sunny days stretching into the fall. Most people start in Lisbon, where September and October are probably the best time to visit. The weather is still lovely, hotel rates are cheaper, and there are fewer crowds than in summer.

Algarve beach at sunset | Europe in the fall

You could even add some beach days to your itinerary in the south. Sea temperatures are still warm and beaches are a lot less crowded. If you don’t fly directly into Portugal, you’ll likely arrive on the train from Spain. You could conveniently combine the two countries on a Eurail Spain-Portugal Pass.

In addition to fewer crowds and cheaper accommodation rates, rail travelers making a trip to Europe in the fall will notice that booking reservations on high-speed rail and long-distance trains is much easier and can more likely be done at the last minute.

Glacier Express train in the fall | Europe in the fall

Fall is an excellent time to take advantage of the convenience of a Eurail Global Pass and make your way around the continent in style. Depending where you go, you either get an extension of summer or proper fall weather. You’re bound to have a more authentic experience with all the vacationers back home at their daily routines, and you’ll save money while you’re at it!

If you liked “Europe in the fall”:
Summer in Europe: Where to go to make it unforgettable!
Traveling in winter: the pros and cons
When to go on a Eurail trip